To be able to establish a plantain farm for increased and sustainable production, while reducing costs and maximizing returns on investment, the farmer should be acquainted with basic and affordable techniques required in field establishment and maintenance of a profitable plantain farm.
Any field establishment for sustainable plantain production must take into account the basic needs of high organic matter and water supplies. Nitrogen, potassium and magnesium are very essential and required in large quantity for good crop performance.
Therefore, a soil analysis helps to ascertain the nutrient status.
The following steps are essential in field establishment for sustainable production:
· Selection of the site
· Preparation of the land
· Field layout and digging
· Planting and field maintenance
How to select a good site
A good site provides a smooth gateway for increased and sustainable production and a profitable farming enterprise. A visual observation of the site can provide adequate information on the suitability of the site.
A land with predominantly grass weed is less preferred and should be avoided because grass compact the top soil and makes establishment to be more difficult. A land with too many big trees should also be avoided.
The site should be well drained as water logging and flooding is disadvantageous. A land with a lot of organic matter is recommended.
In an area with prolonged dry periods, irrigation facilities are necessary because plantains require an average 120mm -160mm of rain monthly and 2000mm -2500mm rain per year.